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- Togolese republic, country of Africa of the West, opened on the bay of Guinea, limited to the North by Burkina Faso, in the East by Benin and on the West by Ghana. Togo covers a surface of 56 785 km2, stretching on 550 km of the North in the South for a width not exceeding 130 km. The capital is Lomé. Colonized successively by the Germans, then by the Frenchmen and the Britishs, Togo, independent since 1960, began, since 1990 , a slow and difficult process of democratization, which was marked, in 1993 , by exactions of the armed forces against the population and the massive exodus of the inhabitants of Lomé.