- Saudi Arabia, officially realm of Saudi Arabia, country of Near East, occupying the biggest part of the Arabique peninsula and surrounded in the North by Jordan, Iraq, and Al Kuwait; in the East by the bay Arabo-Persique and Qatar; in the southeast by close Arabic Emirats and sultanate of Oman; in the South by the republic of the Yemen and on the West by the Red Sea and the bay of Akaba. Saudi Arabia has a surface understood(included) between 1 750 000 km2 and 2 200 000 km2, according to estimations. Indeed, the borders of the southeast and the South are not bounded exactly and are the object of dispute with the concerned countries. The capital and most big city is Riyadh.
Relatively little populated, arranging very important oil reserves, Saudi Arabia is one of the countries the richest in Near East. The country is governed since near century by the dynasty of Saoud which leans on a strict interpretation of the Islam. However, its wealth and its strategic importance make a pole of stability of it in the region, what explains the support without defect which is brought to him(her) by the Occidental countries.